There are three basic reasons why we prune trees. The first is to improve the look of a tree; the second is to improve the health of a tree; and the third is to make a tree more storm resistant.
We offer thinning, elevating, deadwooding, crown reduction, structural pruning, and corrective pruning to achieve your objectives.
The Structural Approach to Pruning The primary focus when pruning landscape trees should be to reduce conditions that contribute to weakness and to prepare the tree for removal of low branches.
Established older trees in urban landscapes should be pruned primarily to reduce risk, preserve a tree structure that boosts amenity values, provide clearance, and improve the aesthetic value of the property.
Achieving these objectives requires different pruning strategies for trees of different species, life stages, and sizes.Specific types of pruning may be necessary to maintain a mature tree in a healthy, safe, and attractive condition. Cleaning is the removal of dead, dying, diseased, weakly attached, and low-vigor branches from the crown of a tree.
The first priorities when pruning established trees are to reduce conditions in the tree that contribute to weakness, ensure strong tree structure by guiding future growth, and create clearance. Treating defect by reducing or thinning stems that compete with the leader, large forked limbs and those with inclusions, or aggressive (fast-growing) or long branches reduces risk by slowing their growth rate or redistributing mass.
Douglas Tree Service lancaster Pa specializes in proper tree pruning – small or large. There are many reasons to prune a tree:Health – eliminate diseased branches; allow air and sun to circulate through tree canopy and thus combat fungal diseases.
Shape – correct growth imbalance (often occurs when tree is planted in problem area of residence), reduce in size or height, create and maintain -bonsai-, -topiary- or -espalier- plants.
Structure – eliminate weak unions that are subject to breaking,
eliminate co-dominant leaders which interfere with optimum growth and health. Tree trimming Lititz.
Clear buildings – many landscaping trees planted years ago are now interfering with roofs, gutters, siding or sidewalk clearance – these can usually be pruned to alleviate the problem and without hurting the tree. Tree trimming Lititz.
Prevent storm damage – trees limbs fight gravity and as they grow become more subject to breakage from snow and ice load; tree canopy presents a-sail- for heavy winds and thereby makes breakage or complete failure more likely; proper thinning and reduction reduces these risks dramatically. Tree trimming Lititz.
Aesthetic appearance – trees will tolerate considerable interference wit their natural growth habit; within healthy parameters we have considerable control over what shape a tree will acquire.
Generally in crown reduction pruning, not more than one-third of the total area should be removed in a single operation. Every effort should be made to cut back to a lateral at least one-third to one-half the diameter of the parent limb or leader that is being removed. Cuts not made to a suitable lateral, sometimes called topping cuts, should not be made.
Before a branch is cut back, the ratio of live wood in the branch to leaf surface area in the remaining branch should be considered carefully. The leaves maintain the wood in the remaining branch as well as send excess carbohydrates to the trunk and roots for storage and later use. Generally, not more that one third the total leaf surface area should be removed at any one time. Trees should be pruned to a shape typical of their species. To prevent sunburn on thin-barked trees, just enough limbs shall be removed to get the desired effect without admitting too much sunlight to the trunk of the tree or the top of large branches. Tree trimming Lititz.
Tree Trimming has become so detailed, that the industry has specific tree trimming terms.
Crown Reduction Tree Trimming is used to reduce the size of a tree. This is best accomplished by cutting limbs back to their point of origin or back to laterals capable of sustaining the remaining limb and assuming apical.
Crown Raising Tree Trimming removes the lower branches of a tree in order to provide clearance for buildings, signs, vehicles, pedestrians, and vita.
Crown Thinning Tree Trimming Lancaster Pa includes crown clearing as well as selective removal of branches to increase light penetration and air movement through the crown, and to reduce weight, increased light and air stimulates and maintains interior foliage.
It's a mistake to let an arb get away from you, but reducing it sure can teach a thing or two about how much little bits of green can grow.
You can cut them back. After having been let go they may be somewhat unattractive for a year or so after the cut. Topping is often done when a tree's height becomes problematic or storm damaged
"My arborvitae took a beating this winter. Should I cut the ones that are bent from the top and, if so, how? As for the ones that have lower branches bent outward, should those branches be cut off? Will they fill in eventually? Should the ones that took a beating overall be cut just above the soil or should they be removed?" Contact Douglas Tree Service Lancaster Pa, for a free estimate.,
We have seen alot of arborvitaes damaged from the snow and ice storms in 2014, with our expertise in corrective pruning we were able too turn what looked like a sure loss into a work of art.
Tree Trimming Lancaster Pa - White Pine "Shaping"
The ice storm we had in Lancaster County February 2014 wreaked havoc on just about every mature white pine tree. Freezing rain coated tree limbs already loaded with snow with up to an inch of ice. We encountered this in every neighborhood. It started with a large limb collapsing from the top stripping all the limbs below as it fell from the weight of the ice and snow, destroying the aesthetics of the tree and exposing all the breaks for pathways for disease and insect. This could be avoided with proper pruning techniques offered at DouglasTree Service.
Most damage to a property during severe weather occurs when limbs or trees fall. High winds and saturated soil conditions typical of summer storms can cause tree roots to fail and branches to weaken. During winter, the weight of ice and snow accumulation can be equally damaging, resulting in failure of branches and entire trees. None of this is any easy experience for a homeowner. That is why pre-storm strategies are recommended to identify potentially hazardous conditions and to help reduce the risk of damage before harsh weather occurs.
White pines left untrimmed tend to get “leggy”, top heavy and lose the bushy shape that they have when smaller.
Don’t let your evergreens overtake their space and lose their thick balanced shape:. Call the pro’s at Douglas Tree Service to have your trees shaped and trimmed on a regular basis.
Douglas Tree Service will shape your trees for their best possible health and lush, future growth.
Ice-Damaged Trees; Ice Storm February 6, 2014 Lancaster County
Freezing rain coated tree limbs already loaded with snow with up to an inch of ice. Every community had trees destroyed. The noises all around me were very intimidating. Tree limbs breaking, trees falling, and power lines exploding.
What we encountered in Lancaster County in February 2014, revealed that regular tree maintenance can pay off. There was almost no breakage or damage in trees that were pruned prior to the ice storm.
Since the tree crowns had already been cleaned up. In addition, removing the limbs with clean pruning cuts instead of breaking them reduced the likelihood of additional disease or insect problems. Contact Douglas Tree Service to schedule a free estimate to have your trees pruned now before a winter storm destroys the beauty of them.
One cannot appreciate the damage ice causes to trees until they've experienced a heavy ice storm. Often, trees with extensive internal rot and decay that may not have been evident from the exterior receive severe damage, as well a tree that is left unpruned.
Many times these trees overhang the house, driveway or power lines servicing the home. When large limbs or tree tops are broken in an ice storm, they can cause major damage and expense.
For homeowners with trees with major limb or top damage, two questions should be addressed. "Does the condition of the tree warrant efforts to save it or should it be removed?"
Corrective pruning to help improve the shape of damaged trees is best done now. The tree will respond quickly this spring if it has not been severely damaged. Take care not to remove more than one-third of original branches. This will severely retard the tree's growth in the spring and may damage it beyond recovery.
Douglas Tree Service
Douglas Tree Service
Specific types of pruning may be necessary to maintain a mature tree in a healthy, safe, and attractive condition.
Cleaning is the removal of dead, dying, diseased, weakly attached, and low-vigor branches from the crown of a tree.
Thinning is selective branch removal to improve structure and to increase light penetration and air movement through the crown. Proper thinning opens the foliage of a tree, reduces weight on heavy limbs, and helps retain the tree’s natural shape. Tree trimming Lancaster.
Raising removes the lower branches from a tree to provide clearance for buildings, vehicles, pedestrians, and vistas.
Reduction reduces the size of a tree, often for utility line clearance. Reducing a tree’s height or spread is best accomplished by pruning back the leaders and branch terminals to secondary branches that are large enough to assume the terminal roles (at least one-third the diameter of the cut stem). Compared to topping, reduction helps maintain the form and structural integrity of the tree. Tree trimming Lancaster.
Is your tree getting to tall? Tree Trimming Service
We can correct it with Structural Pruning and Reduction Cuts to make it beautiful and strong. Don't let an amateur whack your tree by topping or lion-tailing it. Call us we have the knowledge, experience, and equipment to trim your trees the right way!!
CLASS III-HAZARD Hazard Pruning is recommended where safety considerations are paramount. Hazard Pruning shall consist of the removal of dead, diseased, decayed, and obviously weak branches, two inches in diameter or greater.
CLASS II --STANDARD PRUNING Standard pruning is recommended where aesthetic considerations are secondary to structural integrity and tree health concerns. Standard pruning shall consist of the removal of dead, dying, diseased, decaying, interfering, objectionable, obstructing, and weak branches, as well as selective thinning to lessen wind resistance.
CLASS IV -CROWN REDUCTION PRUNING Crown reduction pruning shall consist of the reduction of tops, sides or individual limbs. It involves the removal of a parent limb or dominant leader at the point of attachment of a lateral branch.Structural Pruning. This practice is to be undertaken only for the following reasons. a. In situations where branches interfere with utility lines. b. When there has been significant crown dieback. c. When it is necessary to achieve specific topiary training or dwarfing d. In cases where, due to storm damage or prior incorrect pruning, it is appropriate to prune for safety and aesthetic reasons.
CLASS I -FINE PRUNINGFine pruning is recommended for premium quality work with emphases on aesthetic considerations in addition to structural integrity. Fine pruning shall consist of the removal of dead, dying, diseased, decayed, interfering, objectionable, obstructing, and weak branches, as well as selective thinning to lessen wind resistance. The removal of such described branches is to include those on the main trunks, as well as those inside the leaf area. An occasional undesirable branch up to one-half inch in diameter, as described above, may remain within the main leaf area to its full length when it is not practical to remove it. Includes Structural Pruning.Tree trimming Lancaster.